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The Impact Of Cross-Border Employees On Payroll

Organizations worldwide are crossing multiple geographical boundaries and expanding their operations’ horizons. They are seeking to tap the foreign markets and get access to their skilled human resources. However, on their lookout to harness the global talent pool, they wrestle with the complexities of maintaining a structured cross-border payroll system that makes accurate and timely payments to their globalized workforce.

This article highlights the impact of recruiting cross-border employees on the payroll and tax processing challenges. It also suggests sound payroll solutions to reduce the complexities.

Cross-border Employees: A Challenge for HR and Payroll

At the onset, let us take a hypothetical example to understand the concept of cross-border employees. XYZ is a multinational organization with offices in Europe and the US. Mr. A works in the Europe office and Mr. B in the US office of the same organization. Here, Mr. A and Mr. B are the cross-border employees of company XYZ.

The complexity of hiring cross-border employees surfaces as it necessitates creating an intricate system that regulates all payroll-related functions for all geographical locations. Besides performing the arduous task of managing the global workforce, the HR and payroll departments face the following challenges 

  • to ensure accurate salary disbursement and other payroll compliance with the continuously-changing local employment and tax laws
  • to legitimize the variations in payroll tax computations and deductions of the scattered cross-border employees

There, thus, arises the need to design and execute a global payroll and tax system that administers the salary and wage disbursement of the geographically dispersed workforce.

Cross-Border Payroll Complications Are Timeless

Accelerating digitization and globalization has narrowed the workspace gaps in the business world. A massive transformation in business practices and employee work patterns was further brought by COVID-19. Together, these factors have coaxed organizations to hire talent across borders. Consequently, the HR and payroll teams now have stretched out to multiple geographies, making them the intriscate processes of transnational organizations.

Nonetheless, pre-covid or post-covid, the complexities of cross-border employees have practically existed forever. The administration of global payroll compliance with multiple pay scales and currencies has always been a daunting task, even during the pre-covid times.

The last two years of the pandemic have contributed to the tremendous growth of remote or virtual working setups. The new workplace transformation has further compounded the global payroll complications of disbursing payments to a geographically dispersed workforce in multiple currencies.

Complexities of Managing a Global Payroll And Tax Compliance

Global payroll is a centralized process of computing and administering payment of employee remuneration (inclusive of benefits, bonuses, and taxes) in different countries in compliance with their local regulations. Let us understand the complexities of managing a global payroll and tax compliance.

Require knowledge of the country-specific payroll compliance

Countries across the globe have explicit employment laws and regulations on the payroll. The HR, payroll, and tax practitioners working for companies with cross-border employees need to understand these local payroll and tax compliance laws. They also must keep themselves updated with the continuous amendments in the regulations.  

Giving reference to our example, the HR and payroll team of company XYZ must get all the information on the updated employment and tax laws in Europe and the US. For example, the working hours limit is 48 hours for European employees and 40 hours for US employees. Knowing this is important to ensure that the salary and tax computations are as per the local labor laws of the land and the employees (Mr. A and Mr. B) get accurate payment for their services subject to the payroll regulations of their respective countries.

Non-integration of cross-border payroll with other processes

Payroll division functions in alignment with the HR department as it provides relevant employee data and records for payroll processing. Getting inputs from HR of the cross-border employees is a complex procedure, specifically when the company does not support a centralized and automated HRIS. Non-integration of HR processes with global payroll solutions makes it challenging to gather and process employee information in domestic systems.

Likewise, the operational deficiencies of global payroll to work collaboratively with the finance and legal teams create functional gaps. Organizations then develop multichannel payroll processing and payments for each country that lacks coordination with the other departments in the base country.

Managing and Securing Employee Data

Payroll deals with confidential employee data that has the bank account details and social security numbers. Having a global workforce poses the challenge of securing sensitive data from online data leakages, thefts, phishing scams, and unauthorized access. Organizations need to comply with international data regulations of different countries (for example, GDPR standards for the European employee) to safeguard employee data.

The operational challenge of transferring money to overseas accounts

The transfer of money to numerous foreign bank accounts of cross-border employees in multiple currencies is cumbersome. Organizations need to pay fees for all international money transfers to their cross-border employees to the intermediary bank or financial online money transfer companies.

Global Payroll Solutions

Organizations need to set up a unified payroll platform that integrates into their local HRIS and other subsidiary HR modules and ERP systems for accurate and timely global payroll processing. They must leverage technology to streamline and automate their payrolls' input-gathering, tax computing, and report-generating processes across regions. They need to develop their payroll systems to get them closely aligned to other functions, such as finance, tax, and legal teams.

Also, employers can avail the multicurrency wallet services to make online payments to cross-border employees in their preferred currencies.

The Need To Resolve Cross-Border Payroll Challenges

Payroll is a highly confidential matter for the employer and the employees. Gaining the trust and loyalty of the cross-border employees can be unviable amidst the complex payroll procedures. Providing them with a sense of payment security and complying with country-specific employment and tax laws is of paramount importance for the reputation of the employers and the morale of the employees.

Thus, organizations cannot overlook the challenges of global payroll compliance and must diligently work towards resolving the cross-border payroll challenges.


The rapid advancement in technology and evolution of the global business landscape has blurred the employment borders. Organizations are actively reaching out to external markets to hire talent. However, the administrative complexities of managing cross-border employees has a significant impact on their payroll systems. The virtual work setup raises fundamental questions about fair and timely payment of employee compensation. The global payroll solution is to invest in an automated, unified system that manages the international teams and streamlines the payroll and tax regulatory requirements across borders.